The History Of The Political System Of The United States

Delclaration of IndependenceThe Political System of the United States is a Republic which has given power to the President, Congress and Judicial System provided by the Constitution.  Its power is shared sovereignty with State Governments.

The President forms the Executive Branch.  His cabinet serves as a set of advisers and includes the Vice President and the heads of various departments.  Legislative power is given to the Senate (Senators) and House of Representatives (Congressmen).  The Judicial Branch is composed of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts whose job is to interpret the Constitution..

The current ideology of American politics is composed of two major political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, which have dominated American politics since the American Civil War.  Smaller parties have emerged, the Libertarian Party, the Green Party, and the Constitution Party, bur rarely have an impact.

The American political system has emerged as the leader over most other developed countries due to it’s Separation of Powers between the legislature, judicial and the executive branches and the dominance of two major parties.  State controls maintain the balance of power including the election process.

This multiplicity of jurisdictions reflects the country's history. The federal government was created by the states, which as colonies were established separately and governed themselves independently of the others. Units of local government were created by the colonies to efficiently carry out various state functions. As the country expanded, it admitted new states modeled on the existing ones.

What Is The Ideology Of American Politics

ConstitutionRepublicanism, along with a form of classical liberalism, remains the dominant ideology.  The documents of control include the Declaration of Independence, Constitution, The Federalist Papers, Bill of Rights, and Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address (1863), among others. Among the core foundations of this ideology are the following:

•    Civic duty: Citizens have the responsibility to understand and support the government, participate in elections, pay taxes, and perform military service.
•    Opposition to Political corruption
•    Democracy: The government is answerable to citizens, who may change the representatives through elections.
•    Equality before the law: The laws should attach no special privilege to any citizen. Government officials are subject to the law just as others are
•    Freedom of religion: The government can neither support nor suppress religion
•    Freedom of speech: The government cannot restrict through law or action the personal speech of a citizen; a marketplace of ideas.

Abraham Lincolns Gettysburg Address

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met here on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of it as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But in a larger sense we can not dedicate - we can not consecrate - we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled, here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but can never forget what they did here.

It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they have, thus far, so nobly carried on. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us - that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion - that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation shall have a new birth of freedom; and that this government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

The Emergence Of The Liberal and Socialist Ideology

Bill of RightsThe precepts of the United States is founded on capitalism, the idea one could build a life of freedom using his or her strengths to accumulate wealth, build a life and establish a home and family.  From the time the United States was founded, agriculture and small private businesses dominated the economy, and state governments left welfare issues to private or local initiative. Laissez-faire ideology was largely abandoned in the 1930s during the Great Depression. Between the 1930s and 1970s, fiscal policy was characterized by the Keynesian consensus, a time during which modern American liberalism dominated economic policy virtually unchallenged. Since the late 1970s and early 1980s, however, laissez-faire ideology, as explained especially by Milton Friedman, has once more become a powerful force in American politics.  While the American welfare state expanded more than threefold after World War II, it has been at 20% of GDP since the late 1970s.  As of 2014, modern American liberalism, and modern American conservatism have been engaged in a continuous political battle.

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