Facts About The American Buffalo in Tennessee

Note: The range of the Buffalo is fairly large but they may or may not be in Tennessee.  If you are traveling to the western range of the Buffalo from Tennessee, this information is provided for better understanding of this animal.

Rocky Mountain BuffaloIf bison reside in Tennessee, they are the largest mammal and males can weigh up to 2,000 pounds and stand 6 feet tall.  The Yellowstone herd is the only location where bison have continuously lived since prehistoric times.  These herds are considered the only “pure” strain that roam the country’s grasslands and as of 2015, the population of the Yellowstone herd is estimated at 4,900 making it the largest in the country.

You can somewhat judge a bison’s mood by what’s going on with its tail.  When calm, the tail hangs down and switches naturally.  Although you can never trust the mood of a bison, when that tail is straight up, it’s time to stand back and get out of its way as it may be ready to charge.

The bison can live up to 20 years with an average between 10 and 20 years.  The cows begin breeding after 2 years, the bulls after 6 years.  All bison love to wallow in the dirt but the males perform this task during mating season to leave their scent and display their strength.

Bison Butting HeadsThe ancestry can be traced back to southern Asia thousands of years ago but made their way to America crossing the land bridge connecting Asia with North America hundreds of thousands of years ago.  Then, these bison were much larger and fossil records show that a prehistoric bison had horns measuring 9 feet from tip to tip.

The American bison's ancestors can be traced to southern Asia thousands of years ago. Bison made their way to America, and near Tennessee, by crossing the ancient land bridge that once connected Asia with North America during the Pliocene Epoch, some 400,000 years ago. These ancient animals were much larger than the iconic bison we love today. Fossil records show that one prehistoric bison, Bison had horns measuring 9 feet from tip to tip.

While bison have poor eyesight, they have excellent senses of smell and hearing. Cows and calves communicate using pig-like grunts, and during mating season, bulls can be heard bellowing across long distances.

The Region and Landscape Of Tennessee

MemphisTennessee is located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky and Virginia to the north, North Carolina to the east, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to the south, and Arkansas and Missouri to the west. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Tennessee's capital and second largest city is Nashville, which has a population of 654,610. Memphis is the state's largest city, with a population of 655,770.

The state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact generally regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians.[6] What is now Tennessee was initially part of North Carolina, and later part of the Southwest Territory. Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1, 1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the U.S. Civil War in 1861. Occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war.

Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state besides Virginia, and more soldiers for the Union Army than the rest of the Confederacy combined.  Beginning during Reconstruction, it had competitive party politics, but a Democratic takeover in the late 1880s resulted in passage of disfranchisement laws that excluded most blacks and many poor whites from voting. This sharply reduced competition in politics in the state until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-20th century.  In the 20th century, Tennessee transitioned from an agrarian economy to a more diversified economy, aided by massive federal investment in the Tennessee Valley Authority and, in the early 1940s, the city of Oak Ridge. This city was established to house the Manhattan Project's uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the world's first atomic bomb, which was used during World War II.

The Geography of Tennessee

Smoky MountainsTennessee borders eight other states: Kentucky and Virginia to the north; North Carolina to the east; Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi on the south; Arkansas and Missouri on the Mississippi River to the west. Tennessee ties Missouri as the state bordering the most other states. The state is trisected by the Tennessee River.

The highest point in the state is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet (2,025 m).  Clingmans Dome, which lies on Tennessee's eastern border, is the highest point on the Appalachian Trail, and is the third highest peak in the United States east of the Mississippi River. The state line between Tennessee and North Carolina crosses the summit. The state's lowest point is the Mississippi River at the Mississippi state line: 178 feet (54 m). The geographical center of the state is located in Murfreesboro.

The state of Tennessee is geographically, culturally, economically, and legally divided into three Grand Divisions: East Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and West Tennessee. The state constitution allows no more than two justices of the five-member Tennessee Supreme Court to be from one Grand Division and a similar rule applies to certain
commissions and boards.

The Best Fishing Spots in Tennessee

Kentucky LakeKentucky Lake
Largemouth and smallmouth bass, crappie, bluegill, catfish and sauger

Gibson County Lake
Crappie, redear sunfish, blue and channel catfish, bluegill, Largemouth bass, catfish, and carp.

Lake Barkley
Crappie, largemouth bass, catfish, sauger and bluegill.

Pickwick Lake
Largemouth and smallmouth bass, stripers, crappie and catfish.

Center Hill Lake
Largemouth, smallmouth and spotted bass.

Percy Priest Lake
Largemouth and smallmouth bass, crappie and catfish

Dale Hollow Reservoir
Walleye, largemouth, and smallmouth bass.

Old Hickory Lake
Catfish, crappie and bass

Cordell Hull Lake
Bluegill, catfish, and bass.

Chickamauga Reservoir
Largemouth and smallmouth bass, crappie, bluegill, catfish, and striped bass.

Fort Loudon Lake
Largemouth bass, crappie, both white and black and catfish.

Cherokee Lake
Stripers, Largemouth bass, sauger, walleye, crappie, and sunfish.

Melton Hill Reservoir
Largemouth bass, white crappie, skipjack herring, sauger and stripers.

Hiwassee River
Stripers

Woods Reservoir
Largemouth and smallmouth bass, muskie, walleye, and catfish.

Calderwood Reservoir
Trout, largemouth and smallmouth bass, black crappie, and rock bass.

South Holston Lake
Largemouth bass, bluegill, crappie, walleye, rainbow trout, and catfish.

The South Holston River
The White bass spring run.

Watauga Reservoir
Smallmouth, walleye Bluegill, and trout.